Köln Spürbar anders.
Cologne prospered during the Weimar Republic —33 , and progress was made especially in public governance, city planning, housing and social affairs.
Social housing projects were considered exemplary and were copied by other German cities. Cologne competed to host the Olympics, and a modern sports stadium was erected at Müngersdorf.
When the British occupation ended, the prohibition of civil aviation was lifted and Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport soon became a hub for national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin Tempelhof Airport.
The democratic parties lost the local elections in Cologne in March to the Nazi Party and other right wing parties. The Nazis then arrested the Communist and Social Democrats members of the city assembly, and Mayor Adenauer was dismissed.
Compared to some other major cities, however, the Nazis never gained decisive support in Cologne. Significantly, the number of votes cast for the Nazi Party in Reichstag elections had always been the national average.
Cologne was home to the th Infantry Regiment and the 26th Artillery Regiment. The Allies dropped 44, During the Bombing of Cologne in World War II , Cologne endured air raids  by the Western Allies , which caused approximately 20, civilian casualties and almost completely wiped out the central part of the city.
The devastation was recorded by Hermann Claasen from until the end of the war, and presented in his exhibition and book of Singing in the furnace.
Cologne — Remains of an old city . Cologne was taken by the American First Army in early March This loss was mainly caused by a massive evacuation of the people to more rural areas.
The same happened in many other German cities in the last two years of war. By the end of , however, the population had already recovered to approximately , Despite Cologne's status as the largest city in the region, nearby Düsseldorf was chosen as the political capital of the federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
With Bonn being chosen as the provisional federal capital provisorische Bundeshauptstadt and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany then informally West Germany , Cologne benefited by being sandwiched between two important political centres.
The city became—and still is—home to a number of federal agencies and organizations. After reunification in , Berlin was made the capital of Germany.
In architect and urban planner Rudolf Schwarz called Cologne the "world's greatest heap of rubble". Schwarz designed the master plan for reconstruction in , which included the construction of several new thoroughfares through the city centre, especially the Nord-Süd-Fahrt "North-South-Drive".
The master plan took into consideration the fact that even shortly after the war a large increase in automobile traffic could be anticipated.
Plans for new roads had already, to a certain degree, evolved under the Nazi administration, but the actual construction became easier when most of the city centre was in ruins.
Gereon , Great St. Martin , St. The rebuilding of those churches and other landmarks such as the Gürzenich event hall was not undisputed among leading architects and art historians at that time, but in most cases, civil intention prevailed.
The reconstruction lasted until the s, when the Romanesque church of St. Kunibert was finished. In , the city's population reached pre-war numbers again.
In the s and s Cologne's economy prospered for two main reasons. The first was the growth in the number of media companies, both in the private and public sectors; they are especially catered for in the newly developed Media Park, which creates a strong visual focal point in Cologne's city centre and includes the KölnTurm , one of Cologne's most prominent high-rise buildings.
The second was the permanent improvement of the diverse traffic infrastructure, which made Cologne one of the most easily accessible metropolitan areas in Central Europe.
Due to the economic success of the Cologne Trade Fair , the city arranged a large extension to the fair site in At the same time the original buildings, which date back to the s, were rented out to RTL , Germany's largest private broadcaster, as their new corporate headquarters.
Cologne was the focus of the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany , with over women reporting that they were sexually assaulted by persons of African and Arab appearance.
Cologne is divided into 9 boroughs Stadtbezirke and 85 districts Stadtteile : . Located in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Cologne is one of the warmest cities in Germany.
It has a temperate — oceanic climate Köppen: Cfb with cool winters and warm summers. It is also one of the cloudiest cities in Germany, with just hours of sun a year.
Its average annual temperature is In January, the mean temperature is 5. The record high temperature of 40C F happened on 25 July during the July European heat wave in which Cologne saw three consecutive days over 38C F.
Temperatures can vary significantly over the course of a month with warmer and colder weather. Precipitation is spread evenly throughout the year with a light peak in summer due to showers and thunderstorms.
Cologne is regularly affected by flooding from the Rhine and is considered the most flood-prone European city. Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany after Berlin , Hamburg and Munich.
As of 31 December , there were 1,, people registered as living in Cologne in an area of There were , women and , men in Cologne. For every 1, males, there were 1, females.
In , there were 11, births in Cologne of which In the city, the population was spread out, with According to the Statistical Office of the City of Cologne, the number of people with a migrant background is at The average household size was 1.
Cologne residents with a foreign citizenship as of 31 December is as follows: . These dialects are spoken in the area covered by the Archdiocese and former Electorate of Cologne reaching from Neuss in the north to just south of Bonn , west to Düren and east to Olpe in the North-West of Germany.
Kölsch is one of the very few city dialects in Germany, which also include the dialect spoken in Berlin , for example. As of , It is known that in the early second century it was a bishop's seat.
The first historical Bishop of Cologne was Saint Maternus. According to the census, 2. In , about Cologne also has one of the oldest and largest Jewish communities in Germany.
The city's administration is headed by the mayor and the three deputy mayors. The long tradition of a free imperial city, which long dominated an exclusively Catholic population and the age-old conflict between the church and the bourgeoisie and within it between the patricians and craftsmen have created its own political climate in Cologne.
Various interest groups often form networks beyond party boundaries. The resulting web of relationships, with political, economic, and cultural links with each other in a system of mutual favours, obligations and dependencies, is called the 'Cologne coterie'.
This has often led to an unusual proportional distribution in the city government and degenerated at times into corruption: in , a "waste scandal" over kickbacks and illegal campaign contributions came to light, which led not only to the imprisonment of the entrepreneur Hellmut Trienekens, but also to the downfall of almost the entire leadership of the ruling Social Democrats.
She received City Councillors are elected for a five-year term and the Mayor has a six-year term. Source: City of Cologne . The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.
Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.
Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example, the opera house by Wilhelm Riphahn , are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.
The presence of animals in Cologne is generally limited to insects, small rodents, and several species of birds.
Pigeons are the most often seen animals in Cologne, although the number of birds is augmented each year by a growing population of feral exotics, most visibly parrots such as the rose-ringed parakeet.
The sheltered climate in southeast Northrhine-Westphalia allows these birds to survive through the winter, and in some cases, they are displacing native species.
The plumage of Cologne's green parrots is highly visible even from a distance, and contrasts starkly with the otherwise muted colours of the cityscape.
Cologne had 5. Great St. Martin Church. Basilica of St. Other famous buildings include the Gürzenich, Haus Saaleck and the Overstolzenhaus.
Of the twelve medieval city gates that once existed, only the Eigelsteintorburg at Ebertplatz, the Hahnentor at Rudolfplatz and the Severinstorburg at Chlodwigplatz still stand today.
Several bridges cross the Rhine in Cologne. In particular the iron tied arch Hohenzollern Bridge Hohenzollernbrücke is a dominant landmark along the river embankment.
The observation deck has been closed since A selection of the tallest buildings in Cologne is listed below. Other tall structures include the Hansahochhaus designed by architect Jacob Koerfer and completed in — it was at one time Europe's tallest office building , the Kranhaus buildings at Rheinauhafen , and the Messeturm Köln "trade fair tower".
Cologne has several museums. The famous Roman-Germanic Museum features art and architecture from the city's distant past; the Museum Ludwig houses one of the most important collections of modern art in Europe, including a Picasso collection matched only by the museums in Barcelona and Paris.
The Museum Schnütgen of religious art is partly housed in St. Cecilia, one of Cologne's Twelve Romanesque churches. Many art galleries in Cologne enjoy a worldwide reputation like e.
Galerie Karsten Greve , one of the leading galleries for postwar and contemporary art. Cologne was also an important hotbed for electronic music in the s Studio für elektronische Musik, Karlheinz Stockhausen and again from the s onward.
The public radio and TV station WDR was involved in promoting musical movements such as Krautrock in the s; the influential Can was formed there in The large annual literary festival Lit.
Cologne features regional and international authors. The main literary figure connected with Cologne is the writer Heinrich Böll , winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Cologne is well known for its beer, called Kölsch. Kölsch is also the name of the local dialect. This has led to the common joke of Kölsch being the only language one can drink.
During the 18th century, this perfume became increasingly popular, was exported all over Europe by the Farina family and Farina became a household name for Eau de Cologne.
In Wilhelm Mülhens entered into a contract with an unrelated person from Italy named Carlo Francesco Farina who granted him the right to use his family name and Mühlens opened a small factory at Cologne's Glockengasse.
In later years, and after various court battles, his grandson Ferdinand Mülhens was forced to abandon the name Farina for the company and their product.
He decided to use the house number given to the factory at Glockengasse during the French occupation in the early 19th century, The Cologne carnival is one of the largest street festivals in Europe.
However, the so-called "Tolle Tage" crazy days do not start until Weiberfastnacht Women's Carnival or, in dialect, Wieverfastelovend , the Thursday before Ash Wednesday, which is the beginning of the street carnival.
Zülpicher Strasse and its surroundings, Neumarkt square, Heumarkt and all bars and pubs in the city are crowded with people in costumes dancing and drinking in the streets.
Hundreds of thousands of visitors flock to Cologne during this time. Generally, around a million people celebrate in the streets on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday.
Cologne and Düsseldorf have a "fierce regional rivalry",  which includes carnival parades, football , and beer. In addition, Cologne enjoys a thriving Christmas Market Weihnachtsmarkt presence with several locations in the city.
As the largest city in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, Cologne benefits from a large market structure. Bachem, Taschen , Tandem Verlag , and M.
DuMont Schauberg. Several clusters of media, arts and communications agencies, TV production studios, and state agencies work partly with private and government-funded cultural institutions.
The German flag carrier Lufthansa and its subsidiary Lufthansa CityLine have their main corporate headquarters in Cologne. De främsta branscherna inom stadens näringsliv är idag media, forskning, IT, industri, försäkrings- och bankväsen samt turism.
Resultaten av dessa mediesatsningar är bland annat en journalisthögskola och en konsthögskola för medier. Köln innehar en dominerande position inom den tyska medieindustrin.
Se även Television i Tyskland. Westdeutscher Rundfunk har sedan huvudsäte i Köln. Köln har Tysklands största universitet.
Max Planck-institutet har tre institut i Köln. Det största företaget inom tillverkningsindustrin är Ford -verken Ford-Werke. Fords europeiska huvudkontor har säte i Köln.
Den internationella flygplatsen Köln-Bonns flygplats delas med grannstaden, den tidigare förbundshuvudstaden, Bonn och är landets fjärde största räknat i antalet passagerare cirka 9 miljoner under Kölns universitet , Universität zu Köln är Tysklands största och näst äldsta högskola.
Den internationellt mest namnkunnige av medlemmarna är idag Rolf Dieter Brinkmann — Sedan talet har Köln gjort sig internationellt känd som kulturmetropol.
Staden har ett rikt museumsutbud med över 30 museer samt ett tal konstgallerier. Koelnmesse är bland annat värd för den internationella konstmässan Art Cologne , den mer samtida konstmässan art.
Museum Ludwig är Kölns största museum för modern konst. Museet har även Tysklands största Picassosamling. Wallraff-Richartz Museum är ett nybyggt konstmuseum med en stor medeltida konstsamling samt en barockavdelning med verk av Rembrandt och Rubens.
Kölnischer Kunstverein är en konsthall för tysk och internationell samtidskonst. Idag [ när? Bland annat arbetade här Karlheinz Stockhausen och blev han chef över studion.
Andra som arbetade i studion var exempelvis Pierre Henry och Pierre Schaeffer. Köln var en av arrangörsorterna för världsmästerskapet i fotboll Go Play.
Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. See all. Cologne Cathedral. Museum Ludwig. Koelner Zoo. Hohenzollern Bridge.
Botanical Gardens Flora. Historic Old Town. Chocolate Museum. Wallraf-Richartz Museum. Go Rest. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true.
Stern am Rathaus. Hotel UHU. Motel One Cologne-Neumarkt. Leonardo Hotel Cologne Bonn Airport. Hotel Domstern.
Hyatt Regency Cologne. NH Collection Koln Mediapark. Hotel Stadtpalais. Go Eat. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast.
Restaurant Gaststaette Bei Oma Kleinmann. Caruso Pastabar. Restaurant Brücken. Menz Burger.Porträtfoto Prof. Heuchemer (Bild: TH Köln). Herzlich willkommen, liebe Erstsemester! In Köln sind zwei Straßenbahnen zusammengestoßen und aus den Gleisen gesprungen, 15 Verletzte wurden in Krankenhäuser eingeliefert. Der Köln Bonn Airport ist einer der größten Verkehrsflughäfen Deutschlands. Jährlich entscheiden sich nahezu 10 Millionen Passagiere für den Flughafen der. Max Planck-institutet har tre institut i Köln. There wereModern Family Staffel 9 Stream andmen in Cologne. However, the so-called "Tolle Tage" crazy days do Little Girl Hentai start until Weiberfastnacht Women's Carnival or, in dialect, Wieverfastelovendthe Thursday before Ash Wednesday, which is the beginning of the street carnival. PhiLeRo Hotel Harrow. Cologne or cancel. Doro Pesch ist unterwegs und bringt Köln "Earthshaker Rock" ins Henkelmännchen.