Entdecke alle Versionen zum Wikinger-Abenteuer - 20% Rabatt mit dem Ubisoft Club im Ubisoft Store. Offizielle Webseite. Brich auf zu einer epischen Reise ins antike Griechenland mit Assassin's Creed Odyssey und werde zu einer Legende Spartas. Die Assassin's-Creed-Reihe (kurz AC; deutsch etwa „Credo des Assassinen“) ist eine Computerspielserie des französischen Publishers Ubisoft aus dem Genre.
Assasins Willkommen bei GameStar!
Assassin’s Creed ist ein Computerspiel, das von Ubisoft Montreal entwickelt und von Ubisoft veröffentlicht wurde. Es erschien in Europa am November für die PlayStation 3 und Xbox und am April für Windows-PCs. Auf eine. Die Assassin's-Creed-Reihe (kurz AC; deutsch etwa „Credo des Assassinen“) ist eine Computerspielserie des französischen Publishers Ubisoft aus dem Genre. Assassin steht für: Assassinen, eine geschichtliche ismailitische Sekte, heute auch als Bezeichnung für einen hinterhältigen Mörder; Assassin (Album), Album. Offizielle Webseite. Brich auf zu einer epischen Reise ins antike Griechenland mit Assassin's Creed Odyssey und werde zu einer Legende Spartas. Assassin's Creed Valhalla erscheint pünktlich mit PS5 und Xbox Series X. Von David Martin Redakteur um In einem brandneuen Trailer zu Assassin's Creed Valhalla zeigt uns Ubisoft die Umsetzung der nordischen Mythologie im Spiel. Valhalla spielt. Assassin's Creed Valhalla erscheint am November für Xbox Series X, Xbox Series S, Xbox One, PlayStation®4, im Epic Games Store und im Ubisoft.
Offizielle Webseite. Brich auf zu einer epischen Reise ins antike Griechenland mit Assassin's Creed Odyssey und werde zu einer Legende Spartas. Assassin's Creed Valhalla erscheint am November für Xbox Series X, Xbox Series S, Xbox One, PlayStation®4, im Epic Games Store und im Ubisoft. Entdecke alle Versionen zum Wikinger-Abenteuer - 20% Rabatt mit dem Ubisoft Club im Ubisoft Store.
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Wikiquote has quotations related to: Last words in Assassin's Creed series games. Al-Afdal Shahanshah was replaced as vizier by al-Ma'mum al-Bata'ihi who was instructed to prepare a letter of rapprochement between Cairo and Alamut.
Upon learning of a plot to kill both al-Amir and al-Ma'mum, such ideas were disbanded, and severe restrictions on dealing with the Assassins were instead put in place.
In , Hassan-i Sabbah died, leaving a legacy that reverberated throughout the Middle East for centuries. He was succeeded at Alamut by Kiya Buzurg Ummid.
The appointment of a new da'i at Alamut may have led the Seljuks to believe the Assassins were in a weakened position, and Ahmad Sanjar launched an attack on them in In the east, the Seljuks had minor successes at a village near Sabzevar , where the population was destroyed, their leader leaping from the mosque's minaret, and at Turaythirth in Nishapur, where the attackers "killed many, took much booty, and then returned.
In the end, the Isma'ili position was better than before the offensive. In the guise of a peace offering of two Arabian horses, Assassins gained the confidence of Mu'in ad-Din Kashi and killed him in Bahram, a Persian from Asterabad present-day Gorgan , had lived in secrecy after the expulsion of the Assassins from Aleppo and was the nephew of an Assassin Abu Ibrahim al-Asterbadi who had been executed by Barkiyaruq in He later established a stronghold near Banias.
During an attack on the Lebanese valley of Wadi al-Taym , Bahram captured and tortured to death a local chieftain named Baraq ibn Jandal.
In retaliation, his brother Dahhak ibn Jandal killed Bahram in That fear was justified as caliph al-Amir bi-Ahkam Allah was murdered at court in by ten Assassins.
The Isma'ili response to the Seljuk invasion of was multi-faceted. In Rudbar, a new and powerful fortress was built at Maymundiz and new territories acquired.
To the east, the Seljuk stronghold of Sistan was raided in The demand by Kiya Buzurg Ummid for punishment of the perpetrators was refused.
That prompted an Assassin attack on Qazvin , resulting in the loss of lives in addition to a Turkish emir. A counterattack on Alamut was inconclusive.
In Syria, Assassin leader Bahram was replaced by another mysterious Persian named Isma'il al-'Ajami who, like Bahram, was supported by al-Mazdaghani, the pro-Isma'ili vizier to Toghtekin.
Supported by his military commander Yusuf ibn Firuz , al-Mazdaghani was murdered and his head publicly displayed. The Damascenes turned on the Assassins leaving "dogs yelping and quarreling over their limbs and corpses.
Isma'il was killed in , temporarily disabling the Assassins' Syrian mission. Nevertheless, Alamut organized a counterstrike, with two Persian Assassins disguised as Turkish soldiers struck down Buri in The Assassins were hacked to pieces by Buri's guards, and he died of his wounds the following year.
The caliph al-Mustarshid was taken prisoner by Seljuk forces in near Hamadan and pardoned with the proviso that he abdicate.
Left in his tent studying the Quran, he was murdered by a large group of Assassins. Some suspected Mas'ud and even Ahmad Sanjar with complicity, but the chronicles of contemporaneous Arab historians ibn al-Athir and ibn al-Jawzi do not bear that out.
The Isma'ilis commemorated the caliph's death with seven days and nights of celebration. The reign of Buzurg Ummid ended with his death in , showing a relatively small list of assassinations.
The Abbasids' celebration of the death of the Assassin leader Buzurg Ummid was short-lived. The son and successor of the last high-profile victim of the Assassins, al-Mustarshid, was ar-Rashid.
Ar-Rashid was deposed by his uncle al-Muqtafi in and, while recovering from an illness in Isfahan, was murdered by Assassins.
The addition of a second caliph to the Assassins' so-called "role of honor" of victims again resulted in a week of celebration at Alamut.
Da'ud was felled by four Assassins in Tabriz in , rumored to have been dispatched by Zengi , atabeg of Mosul. He then sold the fortress to the Assassins in This was followed by the ceding of al-Kahf Castle itself to Assassin control in by Saif's son Musa in the midst of a succession struggle.
These were followed by the acquisition of the castle at Masyaf in and of Qala'at al-Khawabi , known to the Crusaders as La Coible , in Relatively little is recorded concerning Assassin activity during this period until the Second Crusade.
Two assassinations are known from this period. In a revenge attack, Dahhak ibn Jandal, the Wadi al-Taym chieftain who had killed Assassin da'i Bahram in , died from an Assassin's blade in A few years later in , possibly in retaliation to the establishment of the Knights Templar at Tartus , Raymond II , count of Tripoli, was killed by Assassins.
This marked the first known Christian victim. The fourteen known assassinations during the reign of Kiya Muhammad was a far cry from the tally of his predecessors, representing a significant decline in the power of the Isma'ilis.
This was exemplified by the governors of Mazandaran and of Rayy who were said to have built towers out of Isma'ili skulls. First, by asserting descendance from Nizar ibn al-Mustansir and the concealed Imams, and therefore an himself an Imam.
Second, by embracing a religious concept known as the Qiyamat, a form of Islamic eschatology dealing with the end of days, at odds with Sharia law, and erecting a pulpit facing west, not east as prescribed by Islamic law.
Rashid ad-Din Sinan, an alchemist and schoolmaster, was dispatched to Syria by Hassan II as a messenger of his Islamic views and to continue the Assassins' mission.
At al-Kahf, he worked with chief da'i Abu-Muhammad who was succeeded at his death by Khwaja Ali ibn Mas'ud without authority from Alamut. Among his first tasks were the refurbishing of the fortress of ar-Rusafa and of Qala'at al-Khawabi , constructing a tower at the citadel of the latter.
The Assassin envoys to the king were ambushed and slain returning from their negotiations near Tripoli by a Templar knight named Walter du Mesnil, an act apparently sanctioned by the Grand Master Odo de Saint Amand.
Amalric demanded the knight be surrendered, but Odo refused, claiming only the pope had the authority to punish du Mesnil. Amalric had du Mesnil kidnapped and imprisoned at Tyre.
The point of the alliance became moot as both Nur ad-Din and Amalric died of natural causes soon thereafter. These developments could not have been better for Saladin who wished to expand beyond Egypt into Jerusalem and Syria, first taking Damascus.
Nasih al-Din Khumartekin, emir of Abu Qubays , was killed in the attack which left Saladin unscathed. The next year, after taking Azaz , Assassins again struck, wounding Saladin.
Gümüshtigin was again believed to complicit in the assassination attempt. Turning his attention to Aleppo, the city was soon conquered and Saladin allowed as-Salih and Gümüshtigin to continue to rule, but under his sovereignty.
Failing to capture the stronghold, he settled for a truce. Feared by Alamut and the ruling Zengids alike, the people "abandoned themselves to all kinds of debauchery and iniquity.
Calling themselves 'the Pure', men and women mixed in drinking sessions, no man abstained from his sister or daughter, and the women wore men's clothes.
The daughter of Amalric, she married her first husband Conrad of Montferrat , who became king by virtue of marriage, not yet crowned. Conrad had been in charge of Tyre during the siege of Tyre in launched by Saladin, successfully defending the city.
Guy of Lusignan , married to Isabella's half-sister Sybilla of Jerusalem , was king of Jerusalem by right of marriage and had been captured by Saladin during the battle of Hattin in that same year, When Guy was released in , he was denied entry to Tyre by Conrad and launched the siege of Acre in Queen Sybilla died of an epidemic sweeping her husband's military camp in , negating Guy's claim to the throne and resulting in Isabella becoming queen.
Assassins disguised as Christian monks had infiltrated the bishopric of Tyre, gaining the confidence of both the archbishop Joscius and Conrad of Montferrat.
There in , they stabbed Conrad to death. The surviving Assassin is reputed to have named Richard I of England at the instigator, who had much to gain as demonstrated by the rapidity at which the widow married Henry II of Champagne.
Regardless, Richard I was released in and the murder remains unsolved. He died of natural causes at al-Kahf Castle and was buried at Salamiyah , which had been a secret hub of Isma'ili activity in the 9th and 10th centuries.
Al-Aziz died soon thereafter and replaced by Saladin's brother al-Adil I. His first actions included the return to the Islamic orthodoxy that his father and grandfather, causing the writings of the latter to be burned.
He claimed allegiance to the Sunnis , having a Sunni mother and four Sunni wives. The Alamuts had a previous history with al-Nasir, supplying Assassins to attack a Kwarezm representative of shah Ala ad-Din Tekish , but that more of an action of convenience than formal alliance.
Maintaining ties to western Christian influences, the Alamuts became tributaries to the Knights Hospitaller beginning at the Isma'ili stronghold Abu Qubays , near Margat.
That year his year-old son Raymond, namesake of his grandfather, was murdered by the Assassins under Nasr al-'Ajami while at church in Tartus.
His forces were nearly destroyed at Jabal Bahra. Kayqubad I requested clarification from Hassan III who informed him that the monies had indeed been assigned to Syria.
Hassan III died in , likely from poisoning. Because of his age, Hassan's vizier served as regent to the young Imam, and put Hassan's wives and sister to death for the suspected poisoning.
His attempts to accommodate the advancing Mongols failed. The next year, the once and future king sent envoys to Majd ad-Din with significant gifts for the imam to ensure his safe passage.
Khwarezm had collapsed under the Mongols, but many of the Kwarezmians still operated as mercenaries in northern Iraq. Under the pretense that the road to Alamut was unsafe due to these mercenaries, Majd ad-Din kept the gifts for himself, and provided the safe passage.
In the end, Frederick did not complete that trip to the Holy Land due to illness, being excommunicated in The Knights Hospitaller were not as accommodating as Alamut, demanding their share of the tribute.
When Majd ad-Din refused, the Hospitallers attacked and carried off the lions' share of the booty. At this point, the Assassins were an integral part of Syrian politics.
The Frankish Crusaders were soundly defeated by Abu Futuh Baibars , then a commander in the Egyptian army, at the battle of al-Mansurah in One of the captives with Louis was Jean de Joinville ,  biographer of the king, who reported the interaction of the monarch with the Assassins.
Later the king's Arabic interpreter Yves the Breton met personally with Radi ad-Din and discussed the respective beliefs.
Afterwards, the chief da'i went riding, with his valet proclaiming: "Make way before him who bears the death of kings in his hands!
The Egyptian victory at al-Mansurah led to the establishment of the Mamluk dynasty in Egypt. Najm ad-Din later became chief da'i of the Assassins in Syria, the last to be associated with Alamut.
The Assassins were eradicated by the Mongol Empire during the well-documented invasion of Khwarazm. A decree was handed over to the Mongol commander Kitbuqa who began to assault several Assassin fortresses in before Hulagu's advance in , seizing Alamut late that year.
Lambsar fell in , Masyaf in The Assassins recaptured and held Alamut for a few months in , but they were crushed and their political power was lost forever.
Rukn al-Din Khurshah was put to death shortly thereafter. Baibars entered into a truce with the Hospitallers in and stipulated that the tribute paid by the Assassins be halted.
The tribute once paid to the Franks was to come instead to Cairo. The Syrian branch of the Assassins was taken over by Baibars by , recognizing the threat of an independent force with his sultanate.
Sarim was soon deposed and sent as a prisoner to Cairo, and Najm ad-Din was restored at chief da'i at Masyaf. HIs son Shams ad-Din joined him in service, but owing a tribute to the sultan.
The next year, in the midst of the siege of Tripoli , two Assassins were sent by Bohemond VI of Antioch , then count of Tripoli, to murder his attacker Baibars.
Shams ad-Din was arrested in the plot, but released when his father argued his case. The Isma'ili leaders eventually implicated and agreed to surrender their castles and live at Baibars' court.
Najm ad-Din died in Cairo in In , Baibars' forces seized al-'Ullaiqah and ar-Rusafa , after taking Masyaf the year before. Later in the year, Shams ad-Din surrendered and was deported to Egypt.
Qala'at al-Khawabi fell that year and the within two years Gerdkuh , and all of the Assassin fortresses were held by the sultan.
With the Assassins under his control, Baibars was able to use them to counter the forces arriving in the Ninth Crusade.
The last known victim of the Assassins was Philip of Montfort , lord of Tyre, long an enemy of Baibars. Philip helped negotiate the truce following the capture of Damietta by Louis IX and had lost the castle at Toron to Baibars in Despite his advanced age, Philip was murdered by Baibars' Assassins in The last of the Assassin strongholds was al-Kahf in The Mamluks continued to use the services of the remaining Assassins and the 14th-century scholar ibn Battuta reported their fixed rate of pay per murder, with his children getting the fee if the Assassin did not survive the attack.
There are, nevertheless, no recorded instances of Assassin activity after the later 13th century. They unremarkably settled near Salamiyah , with a still-large Isma'ili population that recognizes the Aga Khan as their Imam.
The word "asas" in Arabic means principle. Originally referring to the methods of political control exercised by the Assasiyuun, one can see how it became "assassin" in several languages to describe similar activities anywhere.
The Assassins were finally linked by the 19th-century orientalist Silvestre de Sacy to the Arabic word hashish using their variant names assassin and assissini in the 19th century.
Citing the example of one of the first written applications of the Arabic term hashish to the Ismailis by 13th-century historian Abu Shama , de Sacy demonstrated its connection to the name given to the Ismailis throughout Western scholarship.
This label was quickly adopted by anti-Isma'ili historians and applied to the Isma'ilis of Syria and Persia. The spread of the term was further facilitated through military encounters between the Nizaris and the Crusaders, whose chroniclers adopted the term and disseminated it across Europe.
To Crusaders, the Fedayeen concept of valuing a principle above your own life was alien to them, so they rationalized it using myths such as the 'paradise legend', the 'leap of faith' legend, and the 'hashish legend', sewn together in the writings of Marco Polo.
During the medieval period, Western scholarship on the Isma'ilis contributed to the popular view of the community as a radical sect of assassins, believed to be trained for the precise murder of their adversaries.
By the 14th century, European scholarship on the topic had not advanced much beyond the work and tales from the Crusaders. GameCentral for Metro.
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