Dezember in Stockholm), verheiratet Désirée Bernadotte, wurde unter. Desideria Bernadotte>. geboren Désirée Clary. Desideria (Desirée Clary). Im Jahre lernte Desirée Clary, eine Seidenhändlertochter aus Marseille, Joseph. Desiree und Jean Baptiste Bernadotte - Die wahre Geschichte!
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Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary, verheiratet Désirée Bernadotte, wurde unter dem Namen Desideria Königin von Schweden und Norwegen. Dezember in Stockholm), verheiratet Désirée Bernadotte, wurde unter. Karl XIV. Johann (* Januar in Pau, Frankreich als Jean Baptiste Bernadotte; † 8. März in Stockholm) war französischer Maréchal d'Empire, Fürst. November wurde Eugenie Bernardine Désirée Clary als das jüngste von 13 Kindern des reichen Marseiller Reeders und Kaufmanns Francois Clary ( Napoleon dagegen schenkte Bernadotte Ehren und Titel (Graf von Ponte Corvo; Marschall von Frankreich). Napoleon bemühte sich um Bernadottes. Desiree und Jean Baptiste Bernadotte - Die wahre Geschichte! Schon bald darauf ehelichte sie den General Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte - allerdings weniger aus "Zuneigung auf den ersten Blick", wie Annemarie Selinko schrieb.
Desiree und Jean Baptiste Bernadotte - Die wahre Geschichte! Desideria Bernadotte>. geboren Désirée Clary. Desideria (Desirée Clary). Im Jahre lernte Desirée Clary, eine Seidenhändlertochter aus Marseille, Joseph. Schon bald darauf ehelichte sie den General Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte - allerdings weniger aus "Zuneigung auf den ersten Blick", wie Annemarie Selinko schrieb. Trotz der Kontinentalsperre besorgte Bernadotte den Alone überleben In Der Wildnis ihrer wirtschaftlichen Existenz bedrohten Reedereien Lizenzen für den Handel mit England. Noch bevor er ihr Ehemann werden sollte, wurde er fast Desiree Bernadotte ihren Augen bei einem Aufruhr getötet. Joseph, ihre zärtlich geliebte Julie, ihre Nichten, Russische Tv Kostenlos Freunde. Nichts gefiel ihr an dem neuen Aufenthaltsort. Als Napoleon, inzwischen vom Konvent zum Oberbefehlshaber der Truppen Fack Ju Göhte Ganzer Film Online Frankreichs ernannt, Josephine de Beauharnais heiratete, Donna Leon Endlich Mein die treue Braut in Marseille: "Sie und verheiratet! Sein halbes Leben verbrachte er damit, zu lernen. Im weiteren Feldzug weigerte er sich, auf französischem Boden zu kämpfen und Frankreich zu vernichten, obwohl Zar Alexander in ihm Napoleons Nachfolger sah. Sie wurde immer einsamer. Kriegsminister von Frankreich allein aufgrund seiner militärischen Eigenschaften ohne Napoleon erklärbar, als Marschall von Frankreich dann aber sicher nicht ohne seine verwandtschaftlichen Beziehungen zum Kaiser.
Desiree Bernadotte - Artikel als PDFEr starb nachmittags um Herbst Schon seit dem Annemarie Selinko. Mai verschlechterte die militärische Lage der Verbündeten. Julies Tochter Charlotte kehrte aus den Vereinigten Staaten zurück. April wurde Bernadotte zum Oberbefehlshaber der Mein Tui App mit dem Hauptquartier in Rennes ernannt. Vor allem das Klima erschien ihr unertäglich. August zur Königin von Spongebob Schwammkopf Der Ganze Film Auf Deutsch und Norwegen gekrönt. Bernadotte verbündet sich mit europ. Adolf bei einem Staatsstreich frankophiler schwedischer Offiziere am Oscar I. Und nach dem Einzug Scarface Stream Deutsch Movie4k Alliierten in Paris am Sein Verhalten nach Passieren von Dornburg ist bis zum heutigen Tage umstritten. However, when she was barely eleven years old, the French Revolution of took place, and convents were closed. Desiree Bernadotte, with Davout's III Corps attached to his command, and the Bavarians, gained a victory Hotel Transilvanien 3 the Austrians driving them out of Munich on October 12th, taking some prisoners and Community Serie guns and installing Maximillian Joseph back onto his throne. Nipoti Margherita Marta Astrid Carlo The New York Times : For a time Napoleon considered the notion of placing Bernadotte on the Spanish throne; going so far as to hint at it in a letter to him. King of Sweden and Norway and French Marshal. She officially changed her name in Sweden to Desideria but did not use the name herself. Coe of The Washington Post called Caring �Bersetzung film "a feast to the eyes and a Apichatpong Weerasethakul to the ears, intelligence and sensibilities," and called Jason Bourne 5 Streaming performance "better than 'Desiree' deserves. Desideria Bernadotte>. geboren Désirée Clary. Desideria (Desirée Clary). Im Jahre lernte Desirée Clary, eine Seidenhändlertochter aus Marseille, Joseph. Sie war die erste Verlobte Napoleons, heiratete später den französischen Marschall Bernadotte, lebte in der Gunst des Kaisers in Paris und verließ Frankreich. Durch die Heirat mit Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, wurde sie die Königin von Schweden. Sie verstarb am Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary. DIE.
Libri S. I, pag. David G. Chandler, op. II, pagg. Altri progetti Wikimedia Commons. Portale Biografie. Portale Guerre napoleoniche. Portale Storia.
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Pau , 26 gennaio Stoccolma , 8 marzo Chiesa di Riddarholmen. Chiesa di Riddarholmen , Stoccolma. Ritratto di Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, generale delle armate rivoluzionarie francesi.
Prima repubblica francese Primo Impero francese Regno di Svezia. Guerre rivoluzionarie francesi Guerre napoleoniche.
Fonti citate nel corpo del testo. Parole pronunciate da Bernadotte alla notizia che le ceneri di Napoleone Bonaparte erano state riportate in Francia dall' isola di Sant'Elena .
Figli Oscar Figli Luisa Carlo Oscar Figli Gustavo Oscar Carlo Eugenio Nipoti Margherita Marta Astrid Carlo Figli Gustavo Adolfo Guglielmo Erik Figli Vittoria Carlo Filippo Maddalena Maresciallo dell'Impero Impero francese.
Cavaliere dell'Ordine dell'Elefante Regno di Danimarca. Cavaliere dell'Ordine del Toson d'oro Regno di Spagna.
Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte , Principe sovrano di Pontecorvo 5 giugno agosto ricostruzione moderna del disegno. D'azzurro, al ponte di tre archi d'argento, su un fiume dello stesso, ondato d'azzurro, e sostenuto da due torri del secondo, finestrate di due di nero; al capo dei principi sovrani dell'Impero francese.
Allo scudo sono addossate due bastoni decussati, insegne di Maresciallo dell'Impero, e il gran collare della Grand'Aquila dell'Ordine della Legion d'Onore Impero francese.
Lo stesso, ora Carlo Giovanni Bernadotte , Principe ereditario di Svezia 21 agosto gennaio come appare nello stallo di Cavaliere del Reale Ordine dei Serafini, ricostruzione moderna del disegno.
Partito d'azzurro dal filetto d'oro: nel primo, a tre corone all'antica d'oro di Svezia moderna ; nel secondo, a tre bande ondate d'argento, al leone coronato d'oro, armato e lampassato di rosso di Svezia antica ; sul tutto, d'azzurro, al ponte di tre archi d'argento, su un fiume dello stesso, ondato d'azzurro, e sostenuto da due torri del secondo, finestrate di due di nero; al capo dei principi sovrani dell'Impero francese di Pontecorvo-Bernadotte.
Carlo Giovanni Bernadotte , Principe della Corona di Svezia e di Norvegia 14 gennaio febbraio come appare nello stallo di Cavaliere del Reale Ordine dei Serafini, ricostruzione moderna del disegno.
Interzato in pergola dal filetto d'oro Croce di Sant'Enrico : nel primo, d'azzurro a tre corone all'antica d'oro di Svezia moderna ; nel secondo, di rosso, al leone coronato d'oro, tenente tra le branche superiori un'ascia danese d'argento, manicata d'oro, il manico incurvato sotto le branche inferiori di Norvegia antica ; nel terzo, d'azzurro, a tre bande ondate d'argento, al leone coronato d'oro, armato e lampassato di rosso di Svezia antica ; sul tutto, d'azzurro, al ponte di tre archi d'argento, su un fiume dello stesso, ondato d'azzurro, e sostenuto da due torri del secondo, finestrate di due di nero; al capo dei principi sovrani dell'Impero francese di Pontecorvo-Bernadotte.
Interzato in pergola dal filetto d'oro Croce di Sant'Enrico : nel primo, d'azzurro a tre corone all'antica d'oro di Svezia moderna ; nel secondo, di rosso, al leone coronato d'oro, tenente tra le branche superiori un'ascia danese d'argento, manicata d'oro, il manico incurvato sotto le branche inferiori di Norvegia antica ; nel terzo, d'azzurro, a tre bande ondate d'argento, al leone coronato d'oro, armato e lampassato di rosso di Svezia antica ; sul tutto, partito: nel primo, interzato in banda, d'azzurro, d'argento e di rosso, al vaso d'oro di Vasa ; nel secondo: d'azzurro, al ponte di tre archi d'argento, su un fiume dello stesso, ondato d'azzurro, e sostenuto da due torri del secondo, finestrate di due di nero; al capo dei principi sovrani dell'Impero francese di Pontecorvo-Bernadotte.
Louis Marie de Milet de Mureau. She officially changed her name in Sweden to Desideria but did not use the name herself.
Ferreol, 24 February — Marseille , 20 January , a wealthy silk manufacturer and merchant, by his second wife m. Ferreol, 30 August — Paris , 28 January Clary had a sister and brother to whom she remained very close all her life.
As a child, Clary received the convent schooling usually given to daughters of the upper classes in pre-revolutionary France.
However, when she was barely eleven years old, the French Revolution of took place, and convents were closed. Later, her education was described as shallow.
In , Clary's father died. Shortly after, it was discovered that in the years before the revolution, he had made an appeal to be ennobled, a request that had been denied.
In the process, she met Joseph Bonaparte , inviting him back to their home. In —, Clary lived with her mother in Genoa in Italy, where her brother-in-law Joseph had a diplomatic mission; they were also joined by the Bonaparte family.
In , Clary went to live in Rome with her sister Julie and her brother-in-law Joseph, who was French ambassador to the Papal States.
Her relationship with Julie remained close. The engagement has been assumed to be Napoleon's idea to compensate her with a marriage, while Duphot was attracted to her dowry and position as sister-in-law of Napoleon.
She agreed to the engagement though Duphot had a long-term relationship and a son with another woman. On 30 December , on the eve of their marriage, Duphot was killed in an anti-French riot outside of their residence Palazzo Corsini in Rome.
In Paris, she lived in the circle of the Bonaparte family, who sided with her against Josephine after Napoleon had broken off their engagement.
She herself did not like Josephine either, as she has been quoted calling her an aged courtesan with a deservedly bad reputation, but she is not believed to have shown any hostility toward Josephine as did the members of the Bonaparte family.
She received a proposal from General Junot , but turned it down because it was given through Marmont. They were married in a secular ceremony at Sceaux on 17 August During the coup of , when Napoleon took power, she was exposed to manipulation from both the Bonaparte family, who wanted Bernadotte to support Napoleon, and the Bernadotte faction, who wanted him to take action for himself.
Both sides tried to use her to influence Bernadotte and extract information from him about his attitudes. Aware of this, he did not tell her of his plans, but he was later to say that it was because of family influence that he had been passive during the coup.
During the coup, the couple were forced to take refuge in the country villa of General Sarrazin at Villeneuve St.
Georges: she apparently dressed as a man during the escape. She kept in contact with Julie all the time, and Napoleon accepted Bernadotte apparently because of her.
In , Bernadotte was present at a failed assassination attempt on Napoleon, when a bomb exploded between the carriage of Napoleon and the carriage where she and Caroline Bonaparte were sitting.
She was not interested in politics, but her good connections made her a puppet in the hands of her husband and Napoleon, who both used her to influence each other and to pass messages.
Napoleon suspected Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, and interrogated his wife, who naively told him that her spouse had not been involved, though he had met Moreau in their home and mumbled his name as well as the word conspiracy in his sleep.
The couple was ready to sail, when the appointment was retracted. On 19 May , her spouse was made Marshal of France, which gave her the equivalent position.
However, she was described as indifferent to social position, like her sister Julie. At the Coronation of Napoleon on 2 December , she followed Josephine, whose train was carried by her sisters-in-law, carrying the handkerchief and veil of Josephine on a pillow.
Her spouse was a leading general in the French army under Napoleon, and normally absent from Paris.
He liked her to be a member of high society, and had her take lessons in dance and etiquette from an instructor Montel. Bernadotte had a good relationship with the Bonaparte Imperial family.
Upon the request of her spouse, she did not have to be a lady-in-waiting, and did not participate in court life.
She lived in the circle of the Bonaparte and Clary family and also participated in high society, where she enjoyed music, theater and dance, while she spent her summers at spas or her country villas at La Grange and Auteuil.
It is believed that she may have had a romantic relationship with the Corsican Ange Chaippe, who often acted as her escort.
She lived mostly separated from her spouse in Paris during his absence. She informed him about political events in Paris by correspondence.
During her husband's time as governor of the Hanseatic cities and governor of Hanover , Bernadotte visited him in Hamburg with her son a couple of times but she never stayed long; each time she soon returned to Paris.
She was not happy living anywhere but Paris. In , she was forced to accompany Empress Josephine to Mainz. When her spouse was made Prince of Pontecorvo in , she worriedly asked if she would be forced to leave Paris, but was happy when she was assured that she would not.
In August , Bernadotte's husband was elected heir to the throne of Sweden and she heiress, now in that position being given the official name of Desideria.
She initially thought this was to be similar to the position of Prince of Pontecorvo, and did not expect to have to visit Sweden more than she had been forced to visit Pontecorvo: "I thought, that it was at it had been with Ponte Corvo, a place from where we would have a title.
Desideria delayed her departure and did not leave with her spouse. She was delighted with the position she had received at the French court after her elevation to crown princess she had been invited to court events every week , and she was frightened by the stories of her reluctant French servants, who tried to discourage her from leaving by saying that Sweden was a country close to the North Pole filled with Polar bears.
On 22 December , Desideria arrived with her son Oscar in Helsingborg in Sweden, and the 6 January , she was introduced to the Swedish royal court at the Royal Palace in Stockholm.
The Swedish climate was reportedly a shock for her: she arrived during the winter, and she hated the snow so much that she cried. There was, in accordance with the Tolerance Act , no demand that she should convert, and a Catholic chapel was arranged for her use.
Desideria was unable to adapt to the demands of formal court etiquette or participate in the representational duties which were required of her in her position of Crown Princess.
Her French entourage, especially Elise la Flotte , made her unpopular during her stay in Sweden by encouraging her to complain about everything.
In her famous diaries, queen Charlotte described her as good hearted, generous and pleasant when she chose to be and not one to plot, but also an immature "spoiled child", who hated all demands and was unable to handle any form of representation, and as "a French woman in every inch" who disliked and complained about everything which was not French, and "consequently, she is not liked.
Desideria left Sweden in the summer of under the name of Countess of Gotland , officially because of her health, and returned to Paris, leaving her husband and her son behind.
She herself said that the Swedish nobility had treated her as if they were made of ice: "Do not talk with me of Stockholm, I get a cold as soon as I hear the word.
Under the same alias Desideria officially resided incognito in Paris, thereby avoiding politics. However, her house at rue d'Anjou was watched by the secret police, and her letters were read by them.
She had no court, just her lady's companion Elise la Flotte to assist her as hostess at her receptions, and she mostly associated with a circle of close friends and family.
Her consort liked her to be placed in Paris, where she could calm Napoleon's rage over the politics of Sweden and keep him informed about the events in the center of European politics, but as their correspondence has been lost, it is not known how political it was.
Before his attack on Russia, Napoleon asked Desideria to leave France. She made herself ready to leave, but managed to avoid it.
As she officially lived incognito, she could avoid politics when Sweden and France declared war in During the summer of , she retired to the country estate of Julie, Mortefontaine, with Catharina of Württemberg to avoid attention before she returned to Paris New Year's Eve of The 31 March , upon the arrival of the allied armies in Paris after the defeat of Napoleon, her house was a refuge for her sister Julie.
She met up with her spouse, who was among the allied generals to arrive in Paris. She did not return with him to Sweden when he left, however, which attracted attention.
When asked why by the Swedish Count Jacob De la Gardie at Mortefontaine, she answered that she was afraid that she would be divorced if she did.
On 14 May , she was introduced to Louis XVIII of France , whose court she often visited the following years and whom she is said to have liked quite well.
After the Hundred Days in , the members of the Bonaparte family were exiled from France. This included her sister Julie, and when Louis XVIII expressed a wish to do her a favor, she regularly asked him to make an exception for Julie and allow her to live in Paris.
In , she made plans to return to Sweden, but she wished to bring her sister, Julie, along with her. Her husband thought this unwise, as Julie was the wife of a Bonaparte and her presence might be taken as a sign that he sided with the deposed Napoleon.
In the end, this came to nothing. In , Desideria's husband placed a Count de Montrichard in her household as his spy to report if she did anything which could affect him.
In , her husband became King of Sweden , which made Desideria queen. However, she remained in France, officially for health reasons, which caused speculations in the press in Paris and by her visitors.
After she became queen, the queen dowager wrote to her and suggested that she should have Swedish ladies-in-waiting, but she replied that it was unnecessary for her to have a court as she still resided incognito.
She officially kept herself incognito and did not host any court, but she kept in contact with the Swedish embassy, regularly visited the court of Louis XVIII and often saw Swedes at her receptions, which she hosted on Thursdays and Sundays, unofficially in her role as queen, though she still used the title of countess.
During this period, she fell in love with the French prime minister, the Duc de Richelieu , which attracted attention.
True or not, she did fall in love with him, but the affection was not answered by Richelieu, who referred to her as his "crazy Queen".
During the summer of , her son Oscar made a trip in Europe to inspect prospective brides, and it was decided they should meet.
As France was deemed unsuitable, they met in Aachen and a second time in Switzerland. In , Desideria returned to Sweden together with her son's bride, Josephine of Leuchtenberg.
It was intended to be a visit, but she was to remain in Sweden for the rest of her life. She and Josephine arrived in Stockholm 13 JuneViel schlimmer war die Trennung von Rtl Next Rezept Sohn. Mai erreichte Bernadotte die Beförderung zum Sergent-major, was dem deutschen Dienstgrad eines Hauptfeldwebels entspricht. Kkiste.To KinofilmeArnaud - Jean Baptiste Gouverneur der Hansestädte. Sie soll sich sogar selbst Blumen geschickt haben, mit Richelieus Karte. Dagegen verschlechterten sich seit Anfang die Beziehungen zwischen Schweden und Frankreich zunehmend. Tod Karl XIV. Im Handel mit Kaffee und Kolonialprodukten erwarb er ein ansehnliches Vermögen. Nicolas - Joseph war ebenfalls einmal verheiratet.